Arthritis defines a group of inflammations in the joints that have various genesis. The disease invades one or multiple joints. It can also affect synovial membranes, capsule, cartilage and other joint elements.
One should take a complex examination to determine the character of the disease. Thus, a laboratory test of synovial fluid and blood has to be perfomed. The patient has to take ultrasound and thermography tests, as well as X-ray. Arthritis is most commonly seen in people aged 45 or older. However, it may develop in people of other age groups (even children and teenagers).
As a rule, arthritis starts with an inflammation in the body. Normally, it is accompanied with joint pain, swelling and stiffness, mainly at nighttime and regardless of movements. The symptoms of arthritis can develop over times (chronic forms), or they can appear suddenly and sharply (acute forms). The patient who suffers from arthritis can experience fever, loss of appetite and general fatigue. Arthritis is always accompanied with joint pain, but the pain in the joints is not always a sure sign of arthritis.
By now, not all grounds for arthritis have been discovered. This disease can have an inflammatory or degenerative basis. The inflammatory type is caused by various reasons. Most common of them are the following:
- Bacterial, viral or fungal infections (infectious arthritis);
- Disorders in metabolism (gout);
- Immune system disturbances, which can also have an infectious-allergic nature;
- Disturbances in the hormone system;
- Nervous system disorders;
- Systematic malnutrition and vitamin deficiency (dystrophic arthritis).
- Damaged cartilage may lead to traumatic arthritis and osteoarthrosis (a generative type of arthritis).
Each type of arthritis has its own cause, that’s why each specific case has its own treatment method. The symptoms may also differ in different forms of the disease, but joint pain is an inevitable companion of any arthritis. Normally, arthritis is represented by the following manifestations: strong pain in the affected joint, that increases at night, swelling, skin redness in the affected joint area, high temperature in the area of the affected area (up to 40 C), lower range of motion, stiffness, weakness in the body and weight loss. If you do not start the treatment timely some complications may occur: sepsis (inflammation of the synovial joint bag) or arthrosis. Some arthritis types may have impact on some internal organs, like kidneys, bladder, liver and heart.