Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by a high level of blood sugar. This condition occurs, when pancreas either doesn’t produce insulin, or the produced insulin doesn’t function properly. Insulin is important for metabolism and carbohydrates breakdown in the body, that’s why good health is unthinkable without insulin production. The number of people with diabetes over the past 35 years has increased 4-fold. Nowadays, more than 400 million people in the world are suffering from diabetes, and, unfortunately, this number keeps growing.
There are 2 main types of diabetes mellitus.
- Type 1 diabetes mellitus involves a serious interruption in the pancreas function. In this condition, insulin is not produced, which leads to severe consequences for the human body. The disease is incurable. The only way to treat the symptoms and slow down the development of the disease is to do everyday insulin injections during the whole life.
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus is more common than type 1. The main cause of its development is obesity. Genetic predisposition of the body plays a big role too. Thus, 40 to 75% of clinical cases have hereditary nature.
One more type of diabetes is gestational, that develops or appears for the first time during pregnancy. Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed more often than other forms of the disease: it is detected in 90% of cases.
The most common factors that interrupt the production of insulin are:
Unhealthy diet. When we eat too much unhealthy food that has a lot of fats and carbohydrates, insulin supply might become insufficient. In this case, the body triggers a more active insulin production, which in the end leads to beta cells depletion.
Stress and lack of sleep may interrupt insulin production.
Reduced immunity caused by chronic diseases or infections can also be one of the diabetes-related factors.
Physical inactivity leads to high glucose in blood and low insulin production.
The results of numerous studies show that it is possible to prevent or delay diabetes appearance. It’s important to lead a healthy lifestyle, follow a balanced diet and be physically active.