Gynecological diseases – fibroids
Why do I get fibroids?
The paradoxical fact is that despite the fact that fibroids is one of the most common gynecological diseases, scientists know little enough about the causes of its origin. It revealed several risk factors, but the causal mechanism of their association with fibroids is not yet fully understood.
Fibroids are likely to develop uterine lesions, such as abortion – a history of fibroids patients with the common fact of termination of pregnancy. Conversely, full-term pregnancy and childbirth reduce the risk of fibroids.
Genetic factors also play a role, noted that if the fibroids were the mother or sister of the patient, the risk of developing the disease increases. Today scientists speak of a combination of several chromosomal subgroups, which may cause a predisposition to the development of fibroids, as well as to the formation of hormonal levels, contributing to the development of these tumors.
One of the hypotheses of occurrence of the disease states that the myometrium cells damaged by hypoxia (oxygen starvation of tissues) during menstruation. Some doctors say about infectious diseases of genitals as a risk factor.
What each woman learns about fibroids?
- Most fibroids are asymptomatic. Woman learns about them only when viewed from a gynecologist about other issues or just for the sake of prevention. The existence of many fibroids can be found only by examining the uterine tissue (some of the data such research say about 77% of the spread of the disease).
- However, the most frequent reason for seeking medical attention are uterine or excessive menstrual bleeding. However, the mechanisms of their appearance is not yet fully understood. Among the most likely causes of bleeding is called: the expansion of the surface of the endometrium (the inner layer of the uterus) and the expansion of vascular network with myoma; prevents the normal reduction of the uterus; “Accumulation” of the endometrium due to the expansion and concentration of vessels.
- The pain occurs relatively infrequently and is usually associated with the overwound legs when fibroids grow in this way. This is an indication for emergency surgery, since such a state leads to necrosis (necrosis) of tissue.
- Also, pain may be caused by the expansion of the uterus myoma and the growing pressure on the pelvic organs. Likewise fibroids provoke difficulties in urinating, constipation, and the appearance of pain during intercourse. Often women feel a gradual increase of the uterus – the belly starts to grow, both in early pregnancy. If a woman puts her hand on your stomach and feel for a seal, which did not exist before, she should see a doctor.
- Sometimes women trying to get pregnant and can not. Examination may reveal fibroids. Most often, it decreases the chances of getting pregnant is associated with submucous myoma, because it prevents the fertilized egg to gain a foothold on the endometrium.
Fibroids somehow differ in their characteristics and position of the uterus?
There are three types of fibroids – they grow and behave differently.
Subserous fibroids develop in the outer layer of the uterus and continue to grow in an outward direction. Usually they do not affect the menses and do not cause excessive menstrual bleeding, but may cause pain due to their size and pressure to the other internal organs.