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How to get rid of pigmentation on the skin?

Dream boasts a chocolate tan after the summer vacation often end this debacle instead of a beautiful smooth skin color – ugly freckles and brown spots. So the fall in cosmetologists working rife – the traditional influx of customers spotted, dotted fabric in spots.

And, as luck would have it, “choose” age spots most exposed areas: who they are on the face, one on the shoulders, chest, neck.

When this problem to count on a quick victory is not worth it. Paying for their carelessness, the coming months to use peeling procedure to remove the top layer of skin, in which “sat down” pigment, whiten skin by special means. As a general rule, in order to succeed, it is necessary to connect several ways, both professional and domestic.

  • Why are there dark spots?
  • The beautician will help!

Among the professional whitening techniques most commonly used are as follows.

Laser therapy

Certain wave laser beam selectively acts on chromatophores – cells stained with pigment without affecting other cells of the skin. Under the influence of melanin beam is heated and destroyed. At the same time the surrounding tissue are not injured. It is a safe and effective way to get rid of skin pigmentation. To achieve the effect, as a rule, one procedure is sufficient if the area is not a very big pigmentation.

Chemical peels

Their use allows to remove the surface layer of the skin, in which “sat down” pigment. First of all to get rid of spots used to alfagidroksikislotami peels: glycolic, malic, citric, tartaric, lactic, and trichloroacetic and retinoic peels. In order to achieve the desired effect, will require a series of treatments. By removing pigmentation, peeling at the same time attenuate the stratum corneum, which is the skin’s natural defenses, including from ultraviolet radiation. Therefore, to whiten the skin with their help it is best from October to March, a period when the sun is not so active. In parallel with the peelings appoint cosmetologist cosmetics, blocking the production of melanin, and sunscreen to help prevent the appearance of new age spots. It goes without saying that after peeling and laser therapy in no case can not be re-tanning. Neither the sun nor in the solarium. After removing the surface layer of the epidermis where melanocytes are concentrated, it increases the skin’s sensitivity to UV light, which increases the risk of re-staining.

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Whitening cosmetics

To get rid of age spots are used in home care whitening masks, lotions and other cosmetic ingredients such as hydroquinone, kojic acid, arbutin, glabridin, ascorbic acid. These compounds block the production of tyrosine, which is formed during the oxidation of melanin pigment, and also interfere with the synthesis of tyrosinase – an enzyme which accelerates the formation of melanin from its precursor – tyrosine. Also applicable for this purpose masks, lotions and creams with 1-3% content of fruit acids, which act as easy peeling.

Formula perfect peeling. As gently cleanse the skin
Available home remedies

Traditional medicine knows many plants that can cope with pigment spots. Among them, bearberry, licorice, cucumber, parsley, lemon, cranberry, viburnum. Also used in home care and pharmaceutical products, such as hydrogen peroxide, ascorbic acid. Here are a few available for each bleaching agents.

Masks

From honey and cranberries. Mix the juice of Viburnum berries and honey in equal proportions. Apply on face and leave for 30 minutes, then rinse with warm water and wipe the face with lemon juice, half diluted with water.

Of hydrogen peroxide. 3% hydrogen peroxide solution, mix equal parts of lemon juice, wet composition obtained pieces of flannel cloth or strips of paper towel, remove with warm water after 15 minutes. Apply 2 times a week.

From parsley with yogurt. A bunch of parsley Chop blender or scroll through a meat grinder, squeeze the juice. Mix in equal proportions with yogurt (or unsweetened yogurt). Dampen the cloth that the composition and apply on face for 20 minutes. After removing the mask is better not to wash and wipe face cider vinegar or lemon juice, half diluted with water. Apply the mask after the evening wash every other day.

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Cosmetic ice

From snowball. Freeze the juice of viburnum berries in tins of ice. After a morning and evening washing wipe the skin with pigment spots, then apply moisturizer.

Scrub

From coffee, cranberry and oatmeal. Take 1 tbsp. teaspoon ground cereal “Hercules” and finely ground coffee. Mix, add a tablespoon of cranberry or lemon juice. Apply the mixture on your face for 10 minutes, then begin to rub it into the skin with small circular movements. Rinse the composition and apply the cream on your skin type. Use a scrub once a week.

Our reference

Tan and dark spots are formed due to increased concentration in the cells of the skin, dark brown or black pigment melanin (from the Greek melanos – dark, black). It is produced in specific cells of the skin – melanocytes by oxidation of tyrosine amino acid. By the way, the melanin determine the hair color of the iris and the eye, it is also found in the brain and other internal organs. Violation of melanin leads to diseases such as vitiligo, phenylketonuria, Parkinson’s disease.
Infusion

From bearberry leaves. Tablespoon of bearberry leaves, place in an enamel bowl, pour a glass of boiling water, put in a water bath for 15 minutes. After cooling strain. Take 1 / 3-1 / 2 cup 3-5 times a day 40 minutes after eating. Ready infusion stored in the refrigerator no more than two days.

When and who have dark spots are most often:

  • among fans of “fried” in the sun, with skiers and mountain tourists;
  • those who neglect the means of protection from ultraviolet radiation;
  • in women taking hormonal contraceptives;
  • in some endocrine diseases;
  • after taking photosensitizing drugs (tetracycline antibiotics, sulfonamides,
  •  neuroleptics) and infusions of some medicinal plants that contain furokumariny that increase sensitivity to UV light (parsnips, St. John’s wort, psoralea kostyankovaya);
  • after the chemical and laser peels and dermabrasion to the season of active sun;
  • when applied to the skin in sunny weather, cologne, toilet water or cosmetics with bergamot and some other essential oils.

 

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