Lice – this is one of the most sensitive diseases, which do not speak with acquaintances or friends. After all, each of us lice are associated with people unkempt and the poor, who do not observe basic rules of hygiene everyday. In this connection, the topic is taboo for most people. But despite social status, lice can even hit the most educated and affluent people. Parasites quite quickly multiply, filling the hairy parts of the body or mammals. Therefore, everyone needs to know how to get rid of lice medical or folk remedies.
What are head lice and why they are dangerous?
At first glance it may seem that the lice are harmless: they can cause great uncles or aunts?
To answer your questions, we shall understand to begin with: who are the lice.
Head lice – a blood-sucking parasites that live and feed at the expense of other living individuals. Equates to the class of insects, of sizes ranging from 0.4 to 7 mm. Flat body form, with visually enhanced as compared with the head, torso. Parasites have brown, light yellow and gray color. Thanks to a well-developed 3rd pairs of limbs, insect effortlessly attached to the person’s hair or fur of a mammal. Well developed piercing-sucking mouthparts contributes to the parasitic lifestyle. In time piercing allocates louse saliva, which helps to reduce blood clotting levels, which is accompanied by pain in the form of itching and burning skin pokrova.Predpochitayut multiply and infest the hair on parts of the bodies of human or other mammal, often a head. As you know the epidermis is thinner on the head, allowing the insect to effortlessly “feast” host blood. However, revealed frequent instances of parasitism pubic lice, also found cootie.
It breeds insects, at the base of hair, laying their eggs (nits) are held by sticky secretions. Can multiply and breed only in conditions of heat at low temperature readings up to 15-10 degrees, they perish. For 4-7 days of nits are born larvae, which are within 3 weeks of reaching full maturity.
The longevity of parasites varies from 3 to 7 days in an environment promises about 4-8 weeks at the hairline human or mammal.
Varieties of harmful insects.
The head louse – prefers to live and breed in the host strands of hair.
The pubic louse (ploschitsa) – in contrast to the head, striking the intimate areas of the body: the pubis and the perineum. Also unfortunate insects can be seen on the face, eyebrows and eyelashes field location, or in the armpits.
Cootie – unlike fellow, lives and attaches the larvae in areas of tissue seal on the everyday things (folds, seams, undercuts etc.). On human skin carries a maximum of 5-15 minutes throughout the day.
Diseases caused by lice.
As mentioned above, the insect lives and multiplies through a parasite way of life. After all, the main power supply method – is piercing the skin of the head jaws shaped thin and long stilettos.
- Given the rather small size of insects and a low degree of defeat, we can say with certainty that the lice do not lead to a noticeable reduction in the amount of blood in the capillaries, and do not change the original structure. But above all, they contribute to the development of constant discomfort in the scalp.
- The specifics of the existence of parasites is piercing the skin (bite), as they often eat a little. During the day the insect produces 5-6 bites, and if the individual is not alone, and more than a dozen, the number of bites can exceed hundreds during the day. In addition to bites, lice irritate the surface of the skin, as periodically move across the head.
- However, this is the most minimal impact, which can cause parasitic insects. After all, they can cause a much more severe disease: typhus and relapsing fever, Volyn fever and other infectious diseases. The main pathogens are most often body lice, so the question is: how to quickly get rid of lice and nits, it is very relevant and important.
An important observation
According to statistical data, physicians during the Russian-Turkish battles soldiers died of typhus a lot more compared to their death on the battlefield. After all, the conditions in which the soldiers lived, is the perfect environment for the promise of head and wardrobes parasites.
Can lice be carriers of AIDS or hepatitis?
Many believe that the lice are carriers of the terrible virus infections: AIDS and hepatitis. At first glance, one can agree with this opinion, because the lice – a blood-sucking insects.
Scientists have been working on this issue for several years after coming to the conclusion that the insects are not agents or transmitters of either AIDS or hepatitis. As is well known