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Symptoms of uterine fibroids and treatment options

Symptoms of uterine fibroids and treatment options

Woman upset with the detected Mioma uterine fibroids – this is one of the most common gynecological diseases, almost one in two women over 35 years suffer from this disorder. At its core, myoma is a benign tumor that forms from the muscle fibers and the body resembles a node. The uterine fibroids may be arranged in the thickness of the myometrium, onto the surface (under the peritoneum) or in the middle – a body mucous membrane.

Dimensions of fibroids and the magnification level with the uterus usually denoted weeks of pregnancy. Large tumors are considered in which the body is increased up to 12 weeks of pregnancy or longer. Lesser same – nodes up to 2 cm (4-5 weeks). In addition, distinguish single or multiple fibroids.

The reasons for the formation of fibroids

Fibroids is a hormone-dependent tumor, so the main factor leading to its development – is hormonal disorders in the female body. They, in turn, often occur after an abortion (especially multiple), in the absence of a regular sexual life and to achieve full orgasm. In addition, hormonal imbalance develops due to strong stress, sudden weight changes.

Equally important in the formation of fibroids has a mechanical effect on the uterine wall, which inevitably in diagnostic and therapeutic curettage, surgical abortion, severe traumatic childbirth manual adherent placenta, etc.

In addition, its role in the development of fibroids and genetic predisposition plays ekstragenital’nye diseases such as diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure problems, thyroid pathology.

It is also worth noting that the growth of uterine fibroids depends on the level of estrogen in the blood of women, so this is just the tumor most often occurs in patients of reproductive age. When menopause occurs regression nodes and more than they are formed, except in patients receiving estrogen drugs.

What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids?

In half of cases, the woman is unaware of the presence of uterine pathology. However, it is up to a certain time. When the unit reaches a large size, especially if localized under the mucous body, there are the following symptoms of uterine fibroids:

Heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding. They often lead to the development of iron deficiency anemia, so the woman becomes pale, weak, complaining of dizziness.
Soreness. Their nature and location depends on the size and site of placement. When torsion leg tumor sharp pain appears. If the node is located subperitoneal, in the area of ​​the uterine ligaments, sharp sensations can occur in any movement. However, most women notice a pressure constant aching pain in the abdomen, which is particularly accentuated during the critical days.

One of the characteristic symptoms of uterine fibroids – a malfunction of adjacent organs, especially the urinary bladder, the intestines. If the tumor is large, it can be constantly irritated and squeezed the bladder, so there is frequent urination, and if peredavlivaetsya rectum – constipation.

Infertility can also be a symptom of uterine fibroids. A node can completely block the entrance to the fallopian tube, causing the egg becomes unattainable for the sperm. Also, the tumor may prevent a fertilized egg to implant in the uterine wall.
The main methods of diagnosing fibroids:

  • Gynecological examination.
  • Vaginal ultrasound probe.
  • Hysteroscopy with biopsy.
  • CT, MRI. These studies are expensive, so they are engaged seldom, because the first three methods allow accurate diagnosis.
  • Uterine fibroids and pregnancy

Many modern women become mothers after 35 years, so the pregnancy on a background presence in the uterus myoma nodes – it is not uncommon. If the tumor is small, then the pregnancy is proceeding normally, and treat uterine fibroids can be after the birth, its growth sometimes stops.

When under the mucosa or in the thickness of the uterine wall there is a large site, or a lot of small entities, there may be various complications of pregnancy: miscarriage, low placentation, premature birth, fetal malnutrition. In addition, in such cases, problems sometimes arise in labor (premature detachment of the placenta, malposition) and after them (heavy bleeding). Therefore, expectant mothers with fibroids require special monitoring by physicians.

The question of the delivery in the presence of a tumor is solved individually. For large sites often spend a Cesarean section with simultaneous removal of the pathological formation.

Treatment of uterine fibroids

There are three methods of treatment of uterine fibroids – conservative, surgical and combined.

Conservative treatment

It is used in case no pronounced symptoms of uterine fibroids, ie at the nodes up to 12 weeks and is the appointment of hormonal drugs, stop tumor growth

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