About 16,7 million unwanted pregnancies occur in the world every day. It is remarkable, that 90% cases could have been prevented, if the usage of contraception methods was correct. It’s 21st century, but there are still millions of people who are lacking comprehensive sexual education, or they simply ignore it. As recent studies reveal, a lot of women are afraid of possible side effects, have different prejudices, or they just do not know much about modern contraception. Some of the most popular and effective methods of birth control are listed below.
Barrier contraception involves physical blockage of the way to the uterus, so that the sperm can not meet the egg, and fertilization does not occur. Male condoms are the most common and affordable methods of the barrier contraception. Their effectiveness is really impressive: according to The World Health Organization, they prevent up to 98% unwanted pregnancies. Moreover, condoms stop spreading of many sexually transmitted diseases.
These are means of protection, that do not require mechanical or medicated interference. Thus, many couples practice interrupted intercourse. It is quite a popular and, at the same time, not very reliable method. The partner takes out his penis from the woman’s vagina right before the ejaculation. This method is not considered to be very protective from pregnancy for two reasons: first, everything depends on the man’s ability to control himself, which is sometimes hard to do. Secondly, during frictions, a small amount of sperm is released, which poses a risk of a potential unwanted pregnancy.
A spiral is a common and rather simple method of contraception. This device, usually made of copper or silver with plastic, is installed in the uterus for several years. Copper and silver have a harmful effect on spermatozoa. Plus, the spiral itself prevents the egg from adhering to the wall of the uterus, even if fertilization occurred. This method is convenient because it does not require any efforts from the woman.
Combined Oral Contraceptives (COCs)
The use of hormonal contraception is one of the most common ways to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. COCs are taken to suppress ovulation, that is a compulsory condition for fertilization It’s interesting, but this method causes most of the fears and doubts in women. Some are afraid of side effects, some believe that the pills affect the reproductive system negatively. In the meantime, it has been scientifically proved that the pills have minimal side effects in combination with very high effectiveness.